Birds Of Southern Illinois (List Of All Recorded Species)

Below is a list of the bird species that have been observed in southern Illinois, and represents an aggregate list containing bird species logged in southern Illinois by hundreds of birders. 

Photo of American Goldfinch
The American Goldfinch is common throughout southern Illinois

The list below includes birds that breed in southern Illinois, migrant birds that pass through southern Illinois, and birds that winter in southern Illinois. Each species record includes its common name and its scientific name.

Order Passeriformes (Passerine Birds)

House Sparrow (Passer domesticus)

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)

Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus)

Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Rusty Blackbird (Euphagus carolinus)

Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Bobolink (Dolichonyx oryzivorus)

Dickcissel (Spiza americana)

Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea)

Blue Grosbeak (Passerina caerulea)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Dark-eyed Junco (Junco hyemalis)

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

White-throated Sparrow (Zonotrichia albicollis)

Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)

Lincoln’s Sparrow (Melospiza lincolnii)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Le Conte’s Sparrow (Ammodramus leconteii)

Henslow’s Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)

Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum)

Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

Vesper Sparrow (Pooecetes gramineus)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina)

Eastern Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea)

Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra)

Yellow-breasted Chat (Icteria virens)

Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis)

Wilson’s Warbler (Wilsonia pusilla)

Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Kentucky Warbler (Oporornis formosus)

Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus motacilla)

Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus)

Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)

American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)

Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)

Cerulean Warbler (Dendroica cerulea)

Blackpoll Warbler (Dendroica striata)

Bay-breasted Warbler (Dendroica castanea)

Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum)

Prairie Warbler (Dendroica discolor)

Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus)

Yellow-throated Warbler (Dendroica dominica)

Blackburnian Warbler (Dendroica fusca)

Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens)

Yellow-rumped Warbler (Dendroica coronata)

Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina)

Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia)

Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica)

Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)

Northern Parula (Parula americana)

Nashville Warbler (Vermivora ruficapilla)

Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata)

Tennessee Warbler (Vermivora peregrina)

Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera)

Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

American Pipit (Anthus rubescens)

European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Swainson’s Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)

Gray-cheeked Thrush (Catharus minimus)

Veery (Catharus fuscescens)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)

Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)

Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)

Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)

Tufted Titmouse (Baeolophus bicolor)

Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis)

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Cliff Swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota)

Bank Swallow (Riparia riparia)

Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris)

Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus)

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)

Philadelphia Vireo (Vireo philadelphicus)

Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus)

Blue-headed Vireo (Vireo solitarius)

Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons)

Bell’s vireo (Vireo bellii)

White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)

Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) 

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)

Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

Least Flycatcher (Empidonax minimus)

Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)

Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens)

Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)

Order Piciformes (Woodpeckers)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)

Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

Order Coraciiformes (Kingfishers)

Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon)

Order Apodiformes (Swifts & Hummingbirds)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)

Order Caprimulgiformes (Nightjars)

Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus)

Chuck-will’s-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis)

Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Order Strigiformes (Owls)

Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus)

Barred Owl (Strix varia) (spec)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Eastern Screech-Owl (Megascops asio)

Barn Owl (Tyto alba) 

Order Cuculiformes (Cuckoos)

Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)

Order Columbiformes (Doves)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

Order Charadriiformes (Shore Birds)

Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri)

Common Tern (Sterna hirundo)

Caspian Tern (Sterna caspia)

Least Tern (Sterna antillarum)

Herring Gull (Larus argentatus)

Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis)

Bonaparte’s Gull (Larus philadelphia)

Franklin’s Gull (Larus pipixcan)

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

American Woodcock (Scolopax minor)

Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata)

Long-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus scolopaceus)

Short-billed Dowitcher (Limnodromus griseus)

Stilt Sandpiper (Calidris himantopus)

Dunlin (Calidris alpina)

Pectoral Sandpiper (Calidris melanotos)

Baird’s Sandpiper (Calidris bairdii)

White-rumped Sandpiper (Calidris fuscicollis)

Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla)

Semipalmated Sandpiper (Calidris pusilla)

Sanderling (Calidris alba)

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa)

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)

Willet (Tringa semipalmata)

Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)

Solitary Sandpiper (Tringa solitaria)

Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia)

American Avocet (Recurvirostra americana

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Semipalmated Plover (Charadrius semipalmatus)

American Golden-Plover (Pluvialis dominicus)

Order Gruiformes (Rails)

American Coot (Fulica americana)

Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)

Sora (Porzana carolina)

Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola)

King Rail (Rallus elegans)

Order Falconiformes (Raptors)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Merlin (Falco columbarius)

American Kestrel (Falco sparverius)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Cooper’s Hawk (Accipiter cooperii)

Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter striatus)

Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus)

Mississippi Kite (Ictinia mississippiensis)

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)

Order Ciconiiformes (Herons & Storks)

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron (Nyctanassa violacea)

Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Green Heron (Butorides virescens)

Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)

Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea) (endangered)

Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) (endangered)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis) (threatened)

American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)

Order Pelecaniformes (Pelicans & Cormorants)

Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus)

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Order Podicipediformes (Grebes)

Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

Order Gaviiformes (Loons)

Common Loon (Gavia immer)

Order Galliformes (Gamefowl)

Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)

Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Order Anseriformes (Ducks & Geese)

Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)

Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis)

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator)

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)

Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

Bufflehead (Bucephala albeola)

Surf Scoter (Melanitta perspicillata)

Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis)

Greater Scaup (Aythya marila)

Canvasback (Aythya valisineria)

Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca)

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)

Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

American Wigeon (Anas americana)

Gadwall (Anas strepera)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Snow Goose (Chen caerulescens)